The gender pay gap has existed for decades. Although women are becoming more educated at a faster rate than men, the odds are still stacked in favor of men. Although discrimination and profession choice play a major role, the fact a gender pay gap still exists in 2018 should be unsettling to all Americans. Here are four important facts about the gender pay gap.
Women earn 79 cents for every dollar the man earns. This puts the median salary at $10,800 less than men for women. One variable contributing to this phenomenon is profession. Women gravitate toward jobs expected of them that are viewed as acceptable, caving in to societal pressures. Discrimination is also a likely factor in that women are more likely to take on jobs that will offer flexible schedules. Discrimination could be the deterrent that prevents women for pursuing higher paying professions.
In Louisiana, the gender pay gap is larger than anywhere else in the nation. Women make 35 percent less men in this state. Research shows that there are 21 states in the US where the gender pay gap is much higher than the nation’s average. The gender gap is something that cannot be remedied by law as many states have already implemented laws against gender discrimination. Oklahoma, Montana, Louisiana, Utah, and West Virginia are the states with the highest gender pay gap. The gender pay gap is lowest in New York, Washington, DC, Vermont, Florida and California.
More research shows that approximately 57 percent of men earn more than $50,000 in comparison to only 42 percent of women who earn above that amount. Additional research states that among people between 25 and 34, the wage gap has narrowed significantly. The gap in 1980 was 67 percent and has since risen to 90 percent as of 2015. This shows the playing field is becoming level among millennials.
The wage is smallest among Asian women and white men. The pay gap between Asian women and white men is 84 percent. Asian women are outperforming white women in this area; white women earn 75 percent of what white men do. Black women and Hispanic women earn the least, earning 65 percent and 55 percent less than white men, respectively.
The wage gap is something that cannot be ignored, and it is something that contributes to the wealth gap among women and minorities. While there are significant strides made in the area of anti-discrimination laws, women still have a ways to go when it comes to earning what their male counterparts earn. While professional choices contribute to the earnings gap, there is still a vast amount of women in the workforce being paid less for doing the same work as their male counterparts.